Whistleblowers who formerly worked at the Cambridge-based Wellcome Sanger Institute claimed in October 2019 the institute wanted to use the DNA samples it obtained from universities across Africa to make money. They said staff there planned to build a medical research tool, gene chips , based on the DNA, which it could then have sold commercially.
As a result the Stellenbosch University in Western Cape has called for the Sanger Institute to return the DNA samples to the African universities it got them from. Critics argued the people who donated the samples – members of indigenous communities such as the Nama people – did not consent to it being used this way. The DNA samples were collected by various African universities and the Lebanese American University in Beirutl. The samples were shared under so-called ‘material transfer arrangements.’ DNA donors included members of indigenous communities — such as the Nama people of Botswana, Namibia, Uganda, and South Africa.
Participants were reportedly told samples would only be used to study ‘population history and human evolution.’… The Stellenbosch University in South Africa reportedly wrote that it had provided DNA samples from the Nama people ‘to be used solely for research purposes.’ ‘It was recently brought to [the university’s] attention that […] the Wellcome Sanger Institute intends to proceed with commercialisation of the research, data and Nama DNA,’ they continued. ‘This conduct of the Wellcome Sanger Institute raises serious legal and ethical consequences.
South African scientists demand the return of hundreds of tribal DNA samples after a British institute was accused of trying to use them to make money, Daily Mail, Oct. 14, 2019